Glossary of Linguistic Terms

Brand-New Entity


A brand-new entity is a referent that:

  • has not been mentioned previously in the discourse
  • is assumed by the speaker to be previously unknown to the addressee


In the following example, a guy I work with refers to a brand-new entity. However, when referred to again as he, it is no longer brand new, but salient information:

  • A guy I work with says he knows your sister.
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