Glossary of Linguistic Terms

Hedged Performative


A hedged performative is an indirect illocution whose illocutionary force is expressed directly by a performative verb but is given an additional illocutionary force by some device, such as modalization or subordination.



  • May I ask if you're married? has the indirect force of I ask if you're married.
  • I must warn you not to discuss this in public has the indirect force of I warn you ...
  • We regret to inform you that the aspidistra stands are no longer obtainable has the indirect force of We inform you ...
  • I want to thank you for the gift has the indirect force of I thank you ...