Glossary of Linguistic Terms



A consonant is a sound made by a partial or complete closure of the vocal tract.


A consonant is produced by an interaction between a passive articulator and an active articulator. The active articulator is brought into contact with or in close proximity to the passive articulator.

Here are the two parameters for identifying consonants:

  • manner of articulation
  • place of articulation

The production of consonants can be modified. For more information, see consonant modification.

Glossary Hierarchy