Glossary of Linguistic Terms

Contrast In Analogous Environments


Contrast in analogous environments is the difference between two phonetically similar segments that occur in two separate words and have similar adjacent sounds.


If neither segment has been modified or affected by its environment, the segments are separate phonemes.


(Kaiwa, Brazil)

The segments [p] and [b] contrast in analogous environments in the following words:

  • [opa] 'it is finished'
  • [aba] 'place'

The implication is that /p/ and /b/ are separate phonemes.