Glossary of Linguistic Terms

Illocutionary Verb


An illocutionary verb is a verb that, as part of its meaning, expresses

  • at least one illocutionary force, or
  • a quality of some component of illocutionary force.


  • Assert expresses an assertive illocutionary point.
  • Advise expresses a directive illocutionary point.
  • Announce does not express a particular force, but appears to refer, in part, to a high degree of strength of sincerity conditions.
  • Insinuate cannot be used as a performative verb, but is, nevertheless, an illocutionary verb useful in reporting illocutionary acts secondhand.

Glossary Hierarchy